Sediments in archaeological context

Sediments in archaeological context

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Almost Every Artifact in archaeological analysis originates in or on the ground. While there are elaborate methods for extracting and analyzing artifacts, treatment of the material within which they are located is often unsophisticated and does not include systematic analysis.Sediments in Archaeological Context is concerned with the analysis of this matrix and the potential use of sediments to answer archaeological questions. Describing sediments and sampling them in appropriate ways do not replace the study of artifacts, but they can provide additional, useful information regarding a site complex, its physical environment, and the relations of artifacts to each other.Each chapter in the volume considers sediments within a specific context. Topics include sediments found in a variety of environments: cultural environments, rockshelter and cave environments, dryland alluvial environments, humid alluvial environments, lake environments, shoreline environments, and spring and wetland environments.Sediments in Archaeological Context is intended for every archaeologist who investigates sites in depositional contexts.Continuity and Rate of Sediment Accumulation Hiatuses Inspection of the global diagram, as described above, can identify simultaneous changes in several parameters indicating an episode of chemical or physical weathering at a certain stratigraphic level. For example, certain levels with a reduction of overall particle size, increased rounding of the rock fraction, decreased CaCO and pH, and chalky surfaces on pebbles and cobbles point to a time when the sediment was subjectedanbsp;...

Title:Sediments in archaeological context
Author: Julie K. Stein
Publisher:Univ of Utah Pr - 2001

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